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The Center for Housing Policy’s publications cover a range of topics, programs and policies related to the broad goal of identifying and meeting the nation’s housing challenges.
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This paper profiles six localities that have adopted inclusionary housing policies tied to upzoning, referred to here as “inclusionary upzoning.” Each profile provides a sketch of how the policy is structured and how effective it has been. Drawing on these examples, the paper explores how neighborhood context, market context, and policy design may affect the success of inclusionary upzoning policies and their potential for adoption in new areas of the country where inclusionary housing has not yet been implemented. The paper concludes with a discussion of areas for future research.
Inclusionary housing policies are local land use policies that link approvals for market-rate housing to the creation of affordable homes for low- and moderate-income households. The primary goals of inclusionary housing programs are to expand the supply of affordable housing and promote social and economic integration. The ability to not only produce affordable homes, but also to ensure their long-term affordability, is critical for meeting the housing needs of the lower-income families and individuals that inclusionary housing programs aim to serve. This paper analyzes a set of 20 inclusionary housing programs to highlight how long affordability periods, strong legal mechanisms, carefully designed resale formulas, dedicated program stewardship, and strategic partnerships can help preserve affordable homes produced through inclusionary housing programs for multiple generations.
Toxic stress resulting from persistent poverty, trauma and social bias can hijack brain functions and lead to impulsive, ‘fight-or-flight’ behavior patterns that may impede individuals’ economic progress. How can public housing authorities (PHAs) use this information to design economic self-sufficiency programs that accommodate the needs of affected residents and reduce reliance on public assistance? A new report applies lessons from behavioral and cognitive science to give PHAs new insight into programs that can support residents’ economic progress.
As the Baby Boom generation ages, the number of older adults living in America will double by 2050, with nearly 19 million of those adults age 85 or older. Authors Maya Brennan and Janet Viveiros examine the success that home-and community-based supportive service programs have on older adult populations aged 65 or older to maintain their quality of life as they age in their homes, whether those homes are in cities, suburbs, or rural America. Home- and community-based supportive service programs offer many types of assistance, often including case management, medical services, social activities and personal care assistance, which address difficulty completing essential tasks like eating, bathing, dressing and walking. Some programs also include home safety evaluations, help with minor home repairs, and other services to increase the suitability of older adults’ homes.
Even as the economy continues to improve, many American workers are still struggling to make ends meet. Authors Lisa Sturtevant and Janet Viveiros analyze 2009-2012 American Community Survey data to find that for millions of households, housing costs account for more than half of the household's monthly income. And even though the share of working households with a severe housing cost burden fell in 2012, housing affordability remains a severe challenge for millions of working individuals and families. Renter households are more than twice as likely to be housing cost burdened than owner households. In 2012, 24.7 percent of all renter households were severely burdened compared to 10.5 percent of all owner households.